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Architectural History from a Performance Perspective

The survival of traditional societies over hundreds and thousands of years indicates that they surely possessed knowledge that can still be of great value either in its original form or as the basis for new developments … architects must thoroughly analyse traditional building methods and forms using scientific principles and an understanding of social and cultural requirements before discarding any of them.

Walter Shearer, Foreword to Hassan Fathy, Natural Energy and Vernacular Architecture – Principles and Examples with Reference to Hot Arid Climates, The University of Chicago Press (Chicago), 1986, p xvi + xviii

The first phase of SEA's research focuses on architectural history from a performance perspective. SEA views the built environment as a vast repository of embedded knowledge, as well as source of insights into complex interrelations and interactions that in the case of pre-industrial architectures are habitually inherently sustainable.. The findings of careful and multi-faceted analyses of pre-industrial architectures and settlements are likely to impact rather substantially on the way one chooses to view, develop and manage the human-dominated environment today, as well as project, construct and maintain architectures and settlements accordingly.

 

ARCHITECTURES


ENGLAND

I.

Oast-House, Mote Farm, Ivy Hatch, Kent

Research Team: Jeffrey P. Turko, Dr. Pavel Hladik, Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel

II.

Icehouse, Battle Abbey

Research Team: Jeffrey P. Turko, Dr. Pavel Hladik, Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel

III.

Icehouse, Bognor Regis

Research Team: Jeffrey P. Turko, Tom Lea, Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel


IRAN


VI.

Boroujerdi’s House (Khāné-ye Borūjerdīhā) ca. 1857 AD, Kashan

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Mehran Gharleghi, Amin Sadeghi, Dr. Salmaan Craig

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton

Dissemination:

Hensel, M., Sunguroğlu Hensel, D., Gharleghi, M. and Craig, S. (2012). ‘Towards an Architectural History of Performance: Auxiliarity, Performance and Provision in Historical Persian Architectures’. Iran – Past, Present and Futures. AD Architectural Design Vol. 82 (3): pp. 26-37.

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Borujerdi's House _ Sectional Rapid Prototype Model 1/100 (partial model)

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Borujerdi's House _ Airflow Analysis


V.

Fin Garden Kiosk (Bagh-e Fin Kashan) ca. 1629 AD, Kashan

Research Team: Mehran Gharleghi, Amin Sadeghi, Dr. Nasrin Faghih

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi

Dissemination:

Faghih, N. and Sadeghy, A. (2012). ‘Persian Gardens and Landscapes’. Iran – Past, Present and Futures. AD Architectural Design Vol. 82 (3): pp. 38-51.

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Fin Kiosk _ Sectional Rapid Prototype Model 1/100

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Fin Kiosk _ Airflow Analysis: Seasonal Winddiagrams (left), Airflow Analysis Streamlines (center and right)

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Fin Kiosk _ Thermal Analysis (Courtesy RadTherm)


VI.

Khaju Bridge (pol-e khajoo) ca. 1650 AD, Isfahan

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Mehran Gharleghi, Amin Sadeghi, Dr. Salmaan Craig, Defne Sunguroglu Hensel, Joakim Hoen

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi

Thermal Analysis: RadTherm

Dissemination:

Hensel, M., Sunguroğlu Hensel, D., Gharleghi, M. and Craig, S. (2012). ‘Towards an Architectural History of Performance: Auxiliarity, Performance and Provision in Historical Persian Architectures’. Iran – Past, Present and Futures. AD Architectural Design Vol. 82 (3): pp. 26-37.

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Khaju Bridge _ Sectional Rapid Prototype Model 1/100 (partial model)

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Khaju Bridge _ Airflow Analysis: Seasonal Winddiagrams (left), Airflow Analysis Streamlines (center and right)

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Khaju Bridge _ Solar Abalysis _ Thermal Analysis (Courtesy RadTherm)


VII.

Pigeon Tower, Isfahan

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Mehran Gharleghi, Amin Sadeghi, Dr. Salmaan Craig, Defne Sunguroglu Hensel

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi

Thermal Analysis: RadTherm

Dissemination:

Hensel, M., Sunguroğlu Hensel, D., Gharleghi, M. and Craig, S. (2012). ‘Towards an Architectural History of Performance: Auxiliarity, Performance and Provision in Historical Persian Architectures’. Iran – Past, Present and Futures. AD Architectural Design Vol. 82 (3): pp. 26-37.

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Pigeon Tower _ Sectional Rapid Prototype Model 1/100

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Pigeon Tower _ Airflow Analysis: Seasonal Winddiagrams (left), Airflow Analysis Streamlines (center and right)

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Pigeon Tower _ Thermal Analysis (Courtesy RadTherm)


VIII.

Sheikh Ahmad-e Jami Water Cistern (āb anbār), ca. 1602 AD first buidling, ca. 1854 AD  susbstantial rebuilding, Torbat-e Jam

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Mehran Gharleghi, Amin Sadeghi, Dr. Salmaan Craig

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton

Thermal Analysis: RadTherm

Dissemination:

Hensel, M., Sunguroğlu Hensel, D., Gharleghi, M. and Craig, S. (2012). ‘Towards an Architectural History of Performance: Auxiliarity, Performance and Provision in Historical Persian Architectures’. Iran – Past, Present and Futures. AD Architectural Design Vol. 82 (3): pp. 26-37.

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Sheikh Ahamd-e Jami Cistern _ Airflow Analysis: Streamlines - Velocity

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Sheikh Ahamd-e Jami Cistern _ Thermal Analysis (Courtesy RadTherm)

IX.

Fahadan Water Cistern (āb anbār), Yazd

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Mehran Gharleghi, Amin Sadeghi

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton

Thermal Analysis: RadTherm

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Fahadan Cistern _ Sectional Rapid Prototype Model 1/100

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Fahadan Cistern _ Airflow Analysis: Seasonal Winddiagrams (left), Airflow Analysis Streamlines (center and right)

sea web_fahadan_10Fahadan Cistern _ Thermal Analysis (Courtesy RadTherm)


X.

Icehouse (yakh-chal), Meybod

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Mehran Gharleghi, Amin Sadeghi, Dr. Salmaan Craig

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi

Dissemination:

Hensel, M., Sunguroğlu Hensel, D., Gharleghi, M. and Craig, S. (2012). ‘Towards an Architectural History of Performance: Auxiliarity, Performance and Provision in Historical Persian Architectures’. Iran – Past, Present and Futures. AD Architectural Design Vol. 82 (3): pp. 26-37.

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Icehouse _ Rapid Prototype Model 1/200

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Icehouse _ Airflow Analysis: Seasonal Winddiagrams (left), Airflow Analysis Streamlines (center and right)

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Icehouse _ Solar Analysis _ Thermal Analysis (Courtesy RadTherm)


KOREA

XI.

Hanok House with Ondol Underfloor Heating

Research Team: Christina Doumpioti

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Hanok _ Ondool _ Airflow Analysis


NORWAY

XII.

Borgund Stave Church, ca. 1180-1250 AD, Borgund, Lærdal, Norway

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Joakim Hoen, Senior Lecturer Kolbjørn Nesje Nybø

Research Assistants: Evdokia Karamitzia, Joakim Wassum Imset, Sotiria Kriemadi

Airflow Analysis: Mehran Gharelghi, Amin Sadegy (studiointegrate)

Rapid Prototyping: Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton

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Borgund Stavechurch _ Sectional Rapid Prototype Model 1/50

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Borgund Stavechurch _ Airflow Analysis


XIII.

Gokstad Viking Longship

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Joakim Hoen

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton

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Gokstad Longship _ Sectional Rapid Prototype Model 1/20


XIV.

Traditional Barn Typology

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Joakim Hoen

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton


XV.

Mountain Cabin

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Defne Sunguroglu Hensel, Dr. Inger Lise Syversen, Prof. Dr. Birger Sevaldson

Traditional Buildings Analysis Course 2010

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Photography: Andre Sievers, 2010

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Timeline of resourcing, transformation and maintenance cycle

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Three states of the cabin: ca. 1750 (left), ca. 1850 (centre), 2010 (right)


TURKEY

XVI.

Baghdad Kiosk, ca. 1638 AD, Topkapi Palace, Istanbul

Research Team: Defne Sunguroglu Hensel, Prof. Dr. Hasan Firat Diker, Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi

Dissemination:

Hensel, M. and Sunguroğlu Hensel, D. (2010). 'Extended Thresholds II: The Articulated Threshold’. Turkey: At the Threshold, AD Architectural Design Vol. 80, 1: pp. 20-25.

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Bagdad Kiosk _ Airflow Analysis: Pressure, Velocity Magnitude, Kinetic Energy 

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Bagdad Kiosk _ Thermal Analysis (Courtesy RadTherm)


XVII.

Serander, Black Sea Coast

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Şengül Öymen Gür, Defne Sunguroglu Hensel, Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Dr. Pavel Hladik

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton


SETTLEMENTS


CHINA

XVIII.

Yao Dong Pit Cave Dwelling Settlement, Loess-belt China

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Prof. Søren Sørensen, Joakim Hoen, Prof. Steinar Killi

Computational Modeling and VR Visualisation: ACDL Advanced Computational Design Laboratory / Studio

Xin Guo, Elena Krasteva, Eskil Ravnanger Landet, Li Zhang

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton

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Pit Case Dwelling - Rapid Prototype Model of four units 1/200


ITALY

XIX.

Trulli Settlement, Apulia

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Prof. Søren Sørensen, Joakim Hoen, Prof. Steinar Killi

Computational Modeling and VR Visualisation: ACDL Advanced Computational Design Laboratory / Studio

Magdalena Georgieva Alfredova, Eva-Liiisa Lepik, Elena Krasteva, Eskil Ravnanger Landet

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton

 

SCOTLAND

XX.

Skara Brae Neolithic Settlement, Orkney

Research Team: Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel, Prof. Søren Sørensen, Joakim Hoen, Prof. Steinar Killi

Computational Modeling and VR Visualisation: ACDL Advanced Computational Design Laboratory / Studio

Sirgurd Gjeste Berge, Elena Krasteva, Eskil Ravnanger Landet, Kristoffer Sekkelsten

Rapid Prototyping: AHO Rapid Prototyping Laboratory - Prof. Dr. Steinar Killi, Research Fellow William Kempton

Supported by: Historic Scotland, Scottish Government

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Skara Brae -  Rapid Prototype Model of current state of the historical site 1/100


TURKEY

XXI.

Mardin Settlement Pattern, South-East Anatolia

Research Team: Defne Sunguroglu Hensel, Prof. Dr. Michael U. Hensel